An Immunoglobulin Profile Serum (IgP) is a blood test that checks the levels of antibodies in your blood. Antibodies are proteins made by your body’s immune system to fight infections. IgP tests measure the levels of different kinds of antibodies in your blood. This test can help find and diagnose autoimmune disorders and infections.
Why the test is done?
Immunoglobulin profile serum is a blood test that measures the levels of immunoglobulins in your blood. Immunoglobulins are the proteins that help the body fight against infection. IgA, IgG, and IgM are the main immunoglobulins (antibodies) in serum. This test can help to diagnose a variety of conditions, including autoimmune diseases, viral infections, immunodeficiency, and certain kind of cancer. Your doctor may order this test if you have symptoms that suggest you have one of these conditions.
Why do you need an Immunoglobulin profile serum test?
Your healthcare provider may request this test if you have been experiencing any side effects associated with your immunoglobulin levels. Side effects of too-low immunoglobulin levels may include frequent and unusual bacterial infections as well as chronic diarrhea and sinus infections. A family history of immunodeficiency is also common.
If your immunoglobulin levels are too high, it may indicate you are suffering from an autoimmune disease, a chronic condition, an infection, or a type of cancer. Symptoms of these conditions vary. Your health care provider may look into your health information and existing medical conditions to determine your specific risk and recommend the appropriate treatment.
What is the procedure for an Immunoglobulin profile serum test?
Your physician will take a blood sample, using a very small needle, from your vein. After the needle is inserted, a small amount of blood will be collected into a pipette or you may draw it yourself, based on the method your medical professional recommends. You are able to feel a slight prick while the blood is drawn. This is called subdermal injection or venipuncture and typically takes about five minutes.
Preparations are needed for the Immunoglobulin profile serum test?
The Immunoglobulin profile serum test requires no special preparation. However, it is important to fast for 12 hours before the test is performed. Fasting allows the blood to be drawn without interference from food particles in the blood.
You can have water just like you have every day. Do not have alcoholic or nicotine-based substances at least 24 hours from the sample collection process. It may affect your test reports. Also, it is important to inform your health adviser If you are on a certain medication or have some allergic history before the test to avoid any discrepancies in the test results.
Why the Immunoglobulin profile serum test is important?
A person’s immunoglobulin profile is typically a reflection of their own immune system. In general, people with a higher number of immunoglobulins have stronger immunity against infections and diseases. Immunoglobulins are proteins produced by the body in response to infection or other illnesses. A person’s immunoglobulin profile can vary a great deal from day to day and depending on what they’ve been exposed to.