Since the implementation of government measures linked to the COVID-19 epidemic and the need to confine the world, the fear of the disease and the disrupted living conditions have had consequences on the mental health and brain function of the population.
Mental health: a major public health issue
Mental health brings together different dimensions relating to perceived well-being, the presence of symptoms associated with psychological distress or even the presence of a mental illness which affect the brain health, which itself can relate to very different realities. The World Health Organization estimates that mental illness ranks third among diseases in terms of prevalence after cancer and cardiovascular disease. In the country, about 3 million people suffer from severe mental disorders. The consequences of such disorders are major for the individual concerned, who presents an increased risk of suicide, and more generally a higher risk of premature mortality.
The health crisis: a definite impact on the mental health
The health crisis has acted as a catalyst for mental health problems in France, highlighting the need to pay specific attention to this dimension. Indeed, the spread of the virus has been accompanied by a rise in concern about the infection and the implementation of restrictive social measures, an essential dimension of well-being. Similarly, isolation, reduced physical activity, increased stress, boredom, the organization of work from home coupled with the management of family life… are all factors that can have an impact on mental health.
The work carried out through surveys of the population confirms the repercussions of confinement on the increase in the prevalence of sleep disorders, anxiety symptoms, depressive symptoms, as well as persistent symptoms associated with post-traumatic stress. . These increases were particularly observed in young people as well as in populations with low socioeconomic status. They also proved to be more frequent in the case of significant consumption of media providing information relating to Covid-19.
The actions implemented
A dashboard of key mental health indicators
Several reports from professionals (psychiatric and pediatric departments in particular) relate to an increase in the care of young patients for attempted suicides and other mental health diagnoses. In addition, the results from the survey repeated over time attest to a deterioration in mental health. In this context, the production of data for monitoring the state of mental health of populations has been strengthened.
In this context, Public Health publishes weekly bulletins in order to follow and analyze the evolution of passages to emergencies and SOS Médecins acts (anxiety, anxious behavior, depressive states, etc.). These bulletins aim to inform all mental health actors of the evolution of the mental health of the people and thus contribute to the orientations of decision-making by decision-makers, actions carried out by actors in the field, and more broadly to raise awareness among the general population of this observation. Hence, necessary functional beverages, keto and ketones are required for proper functioning of the people.
Surveys of the general population and of vulnerable populations
Public Health has set up a survey system to observe and to provide nutrition, among other things, the impact of this epidemic and the health crisis on the mental health of French people, and to identify the most vulnerable. These surveys, in addition to the scientific knowledge resulting from the analysis of the literature, help to construct and reinforce prevention messages among the population.